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   A Guide to Diamond Ring Settings

The Diamond ring setting is the section of a jewellery item holding the gemstones. All gem set items of jewellery use settings as a way to secure each stone. The setting of a ring performs three main functions.  It provides security for the Diamond.  It frames your Diamond. It allows light to enter into the Diamond. Well designed Engagement Ring settings will fulfil each of these three criteria. Since the Diamond(s) make up the greater part of a ring's cost, it is essential that the Diamond is secured whilst being clearly visible. There are a number of different setting styles available. We'll guide you through each of them here. 

Claw or Prong Settings

Claw settings are also referred to as prong settings. The number of claws can vary significantly but simple four claw and six claw designs remain most popular. Many of the popular Tiffany styles of Engagement Ring present the Diamond in fairly high settings, which might not always be too practical for everyday wear. A mid height is always sensible, combined with a suitable number of claws to surround the stone and offer security. Thinner claws usually require an under-bezel to strengthen claws whereas thicker claws often give a more open look.

Bezel Settings

The bezel or rub-over style is a very efficient way of securing the Diamond. The Diamond sits into a surrounding bezel of precious metal. The the edges are pushed over the edge of the stone, offering maximum security to the Diamond. This type of setting can be very effective for fancy shapes of Diamond. The fact that the metal faithfully follows the outline helps to emphasise the Diamond shape. 

Pavé Settings

Pavé is a term is used to describe the setting technique used to cover an expanse of metal with Diamonds, literally paving the metal with small Diamonds. From a distance, it creates a continuous expanse of Diamonds. Each small stone is held by beads of metal. These form individual settings for each stone in a carpet of Diamonds. The pavé setting style is a very effective way of setting Diamonds evenly over a rounded surface.

Channel Settings

Channel set Diamonds are held between a wall of metal, usually in a linewithout space or interruption between stones. This is a particularly popular setting due to the Diamonds uninterrupted flow along the ring with no metal between. Princess cuts are particularly effective with this design along with Baguettes since they follow the lines of the channel with no gaps in between. 

Flush Settings

Flush set Diamonds sit into the surface metal of jewellery. The metal is first cut out to accommodate the stone which is then set into this recess before the ring is polished. The effect is perfect for occasional Diamonds in a Wedding Band. This technique can be used for fancy shapes also. Diamonds are well protected due to the metal surrounding the stone. 

Tension Style Settings

Tension style settings differ from true tension settings. They are more common than true tension settings. True tension settings require substantial settings to retain a Diamond under pressure. Tension style settings usually include bridging metal to give added security and strength between each side of the setting.

Bar Settings

The bar setting is literally self explanatory. Small bars of metal are used to secure each Diamond. These can be used for Round Brilliant cut Diamonds, fancy shapes, and can be used in multiples along a ring to create an even continuous system of setting the Diamond. This is even a popular choice for Engagement Ring settings as seen in the first image below where a Princess cut solitaire has been set with this style.

Grain Settings

Grain settings provide an effective method of setting small Diamonds securely across an item of jewellery. Small grains of metal bordering each Diamond support the stone. The image below shows a Diamond Wedding Ring with grain settings. This setting style is popular for Wedding Rings, Eternity Rings and for the Diamond shoulders of Engagement Rings.